Research: Books and Latest News

Books

Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory
Yale historian David Blight contemplates the effect the Civil War had on American national memory through 1913. He illustrates how selective remembering and forgetting of the war fundamentally influenced American race relations.

Ghosts of the Confederacy: Defeat, the Lost Cause and the Emergence of the New South, 1865-1913
Louisiana State University historian Gaines M. Foster explores the impact of the Civil War on white Southern society in the context of the Confederacy’s defeat. He traces the rise of Confederate memorial associations, monuments, and the Lost Cause mythology.

Dixie's Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture (New Perspectives on the History of the South)
Karen Cox, of the University of North Carolina, Charlotte, delves into the history of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the central role that organization played in commemorating the Civil War. Her research shows the critical role the group had on textbooks, monuments, and memory of the conflict throughout the nation.

For further reading:

Whose Heritage? Public Symbols of the Confederacy by the Southern Poverty Law Center

Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause by Caroline E. Janney

The Southern Past: A Clash of Race and Memory, by Fitzhugh W. Brundage

History Wars: The Enola Gay and Other Battles for the American Past, by Edward Linenthal, Tom Englehardt, eds.

Lies Across America: What our Historic Sites Get Wrong, by James W. Loewen

Standing Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves: Race, War, and Monument in Nineteenth Century America, by Kirk Savage 

The Confederate Battle Flag:  America’s Most Embattled Emblem, by John M. Coski

Baptized in Blood: The Religion of the Lost Cause, 1865-1920, by Charles R. Wilson

Burying the Dead but not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause, by Caroline E. Janney

Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation, by Caroline E. Janney

New Georgia Encyclopedia

History and Archaeology: Confederate Monuments

History and Archaeology: Segregation

History and Archaeology: United Daughters of the Confederacy

History and Archaeology: Lost Cause Religion

In the Media

"As monuments to the Confederacy are removed from public squares, new ones are quietly being erected," October 22, 2017, Los Angeles Times

"The South's True 'Lost Cause' Was White Supremacy," September 20, 2017, Flagpole

"When History's Losers Write the Story," September 15, 2017, The New York Times

"Which statues should stay-- and which should go," September 14, 2017, CNN

"King George III and Robert E. Lee," August 31, 2017, Institute of History, Archaeology, and Education

"After Charlottesville: How to Approach Confederate Memorials in Your Community," August 21, 2017, National Trust for Historic Preservation

"We Need to Move, Not Destroy, Confederate Monuments," August 20, 2017, The New York Times

"Confederate Monuments Coming Down, But Where Are They Going?" August 20, 2017, Patch

"Confederate monuments embattled," August 19, 2017, The Valdosta Daily Times

"Opinion: Context shouldn't be monuments' Lost Cause," August 18, 2017, AJC

"On Confederate monuments, the public stands with Trump," August 17, 2017, The Washington Post

"Los Angeles has a Confederate memorial problem," August 4, 2017, Los Angeles Times 

"After the Fall," July 20, 2017, The Washington Post Magazine

"What can communities do with Confederate monuments? Here are 3 options," June 30, 2017, CNN

"St. Louis to Remove Its Confederate Monument," June 26, 2017, The Atlantic

"Activists: 'If you don't take those statues down then we will'," June 20, 2017, WMC Action News 5

"Statement on Confederate Memorials: Confronting Difficult History," June 19, 2017, National Trust for Historic Preservation

"Activists want statue of Jefferson Davis removed, boycott park," June 12, 2017, WMC Action News 5

"Opinion: Bringing clarity, history to monumental community decisions," June 9, 2017, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Confederate statutes remain part of Ohio Civil War landmark," June 5, 2017, Associated Press

"Question over ownership of Confederate statue delays vote for removal," May 30, 2017, KALB

"Baltimore mayor eyes removal of Confederate monuments," May 29, 2017, CNN

"Why Wiping out Monuments to the Confederacy May Not Be a Path to a More Inclusive Society: Consider the Costs of Destroying Saddam Hussein's Mythic Memorials," May 26, 2017, Zocalo Public Square

"The committed ladies of the South built many of the Confederate monuments," May 20, 2017, Timeline

"Why taking down Confederate memorials is only a first step," May 19, 2017, The Conversation

"Why the case for the removal of Confederate memorials isn’t so clear-cut," May 6, 2017, Salon

"Demopolis Council: Confederate soldier will not return to monument," April 20, 2017, The West Alabama Watchman

"Court Rejects Lawsuit Against Mississippi State Flag's Confederate Symbolism," April 3, 2017, NPR

"Battles Heat Up Over Confederate Symbols in the South," April 3, 2017, The Wall Street Journal

"Do Confederate Monuments Need a “Fearless Girl”?," March 28, 2017, Civil War Memory

"Georgia Lawmaker’s Proposal For ‘Confederate History Month’ Doesn’t Mention Slavery," March 24, 2017, The Huffington Post

"Maryland City to Remove Statue of Supreme Court Justice Who Said Slaves Weren’t Citizens," March 16, 2017, Time

"Civil War symposium on monuments considers 'America's Most Honored Traitor' and some 'Modest Proposals,'"February 25, 2017 Richmond Times-Dispatch

"Erasing History Makes Us More Likely to Repeat Its Mistakes," February 20, 2017, The Federalist

"Halloway: Looking Back on Calhoun," February 13, 2017, Yale Daily News

"Calhoun Alumni Torn on Renaming," February 13, 2017, Yale Daily News

"Yale’s Inconsistent Name-Dropping," February 12, 2017, The Wall Street Journal

"Yale Will Drop John Calhoun’s Name From Building," February 11, 2017, The New York Times

"Demopolis City Council addresses damaged monument," January 20, 2017, The West Alabama Watchman

"Judge Both Quick and Dead Against Peers," December 30, 2016, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Report Outlines Principles for Renaming Campus Buildings," December 2, 2016, Yale News

"Reconsideration of Memorials and Monuments," November 30, 2016, Broadside Official Blog of the American Association for State and Local History

"Not so Fast: Alexandria's Confederate Symbols Will Stay Put for Now," November 30, 2016, The Washington Post

"With Confederate Monuments Decision Imminent, Protests Could Intensify," November 15, 2016, The Times-Picayune

"National Cathedral Faces Calls to Remove Windows with Confederate Generals," October 27, 2016, Religion News Service

"Commission Rejects Plan to Relocate Confederate Statue," October 21, 2016, USA Today

"A Controversial Museum Tries to Revive the Myth of the Confederacy's 'Lost Cause,'" October 20, 2016, Smithsonian.com

"Take Down 'Racist' Theodore Roosevelt Statue, Activists Tell New York Museum," October 11, 2016, The Guardian

"Rededicating a Confederate Monument to Peace," September 22, 2016, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Alexandria Will Seek to Move Confederate Statue and Rename Jefferson Davis Highway," September 17, 2016, The Washington Post

"Strapped Houston Schools Spent $1.2M to Erase Confederate Names," September 6, 2016, Fox News

"He Denied Black Citizenship. Now a City is Deciding His Statue's Fate.," September 4, 2016, The New York Times

"UT Removes Confederate Inscription That it Previously Said Would Stay," August 25, 2016, My Statesman

"Heritage Correctness: The Significance of What Happened at Vanderbilt," August 24, 2016, Crossroads

"Should Alexandria Rename Jefferson Davis Highway, Keep Other Confederate Symbols?", August 18, 2016, The Washington Post 

"Vanderbilt to Pay $1.2 Million to Remove 'Confederate' From Hall," August 15, 2016, The Wall Street Journal

"Where the Confederacy is Rising Again," August 10, 2016, Politico Magazine

"Will an Alabama Confederate Monument damaged in collision with police car be repaired?," July 21, 2016, AL.com

"UPDATED: DPD officer strikes downtown monument in early morning accident," July 17, 2016, The West Alabama Watchman

"What Robert E. Lee Can Teach Us About Confederate Memorials,"  June 11, 2016, CNN

"Washington National Cathedral to Remove Confederate Battle Flags from its Windows," June 9, 2016, The Washington Post

"Racism is not a Teaching Tool," May 30, 2016, The Chronicle of Higher Education

"House Votes to Restrict Confederate Flag in National Cemeteries," May 19, 2016, The Hill 

"The South's Confederate-monument problem is not going away," May 8, 2016, The Washington Post

"Commentary on Civil War monuments: 'The past is always more complicated than it seems'," May 1, 2016, The Buckhead Reporter

"Facing Up to the Deplorable Past," May 2016, Pespectives on History

"The Stubborn Persistence of Confederate Monuments," April 26, 2016, The Atlantic

Follow-Up: "The Stubborn Persistence of Confederate Monuments, Cont'd," April 28, 2016, The Atlantic

"Tug-of-War Over Confederate Monuments Rages On," April 17, 2016, The Chicago Tribune

"Life with Gracie: How I, a Black Woman, Could Advocate Keeping Confederate Monuments," March 18, 2016, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Momentum to Remove Confederate Symbols Slows or Stops," March 13, 2016, The New York Times

"Governor Vetoes Legislation Restricting Local Authority to Remove or Modify Monuments or Memorials," March 10, 2016, Virginia.gov

"Harvard Law to Abandon Crest Linked to Slavery," March 5, 2016, The New York Times

"Confederate Monuments: Should they stay or should they go?," March 4, 2016, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Southern Towns Wrestle with Signs of Segregated Past," February 10, 2016, The Washington Post

"Recast in Stone," February 4, 2016, The Economist

“Across the South Confederate Statues May Be Taking Their Final Stand,” January 10, 2016, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

“South Carolina Faces the High Cost of Curating History’s Dustbin,” December 27, 2015, New York Times

"Making a Home in the Shadow of Confederate Symbols," October 19, 2015, NPR

“Baltimore Task Force Begins Review of Confederate Monuments,” September 17, 2015, Baltimore Sun

“Civil War Trust: Don’t Erase History,” September 4, 2015, Washington Post

“Editorial: What to Do with Confederate Monuments,” July 18, 2015, Chicago Tribune

"The Confederacy’s Final Retreat,” July 6, 2015, The New Yorker

“Why Do People Believe Myths about the Confederacy? Because Our Textbooks and Monuments Are Wrong,” July 2, 2015, Chicago Tribune

“What This Cruel War Was Over,” June 22, 2015, The Atlantic

“We Can Learn from History,” October 30, 2013, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Confederate History Is About Race," April 14, 2010, CNN.com

In the Media: Advisory Committee on City of Atlanta Street Names and Monuments Associated with the Confederacy

"Panel: Remove some Confederate street names in Atlanta," November 21, 2017, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

"Atlanta mayor's committee determining which Confederate monuments stay or go," November 14, 2017, WSB

"Confederate icons to come down in Atlanta, pending support from city council, mayor," November 13, 2017, Saporta Report

"Committee on Confederate monuments makes recommendations," November 13, 2017, Fox 5 Atlanta

"Atlanta's Confederate icons: Debating their fate," November 1, 2017, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

Advisory Committee on City of Atlanta Street Names and Monuments Associated with the Confederacy, Presentation from November 1st Meeting, November 1, 2017, Atlanta City Staff

"City of Atlanta Announces Confederate Monuments Advisory Committee Meeting Schedule," October 27, 2017, City of Atlanta, GA

In the Media: Stone Mountain

"Stone Mountain: The ugly past- and fraught future- of the biggest Confederate monument," September 19, 2017, The Washington Post

"Brack: Have Stone Mountain park become site for Confederate Statues," August 29, 2017, Gwinnett Forum

"What Will Happen to Stone Mountain, America's Largest Confederate Memorial?" August 22, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine

"Stone Mountain poses another (huge) test for Confederate symbols," August 21, 2017, The Seattle Times

"Opinion: Stone Mountain carving is heritage... warts and all," August 15, 2017, AJC

"Should the Confederate Carving on Georgia's Stone Mountain Stay Up As A Reminder of History?," July 31, 2015, The Los Angeles Times

In the Media: Charlottesville

"The Statue at the Center of Charlottesville's Storm," August 13, 2017, The New York Times

"Why Charlottesville?" August 12, 2017, The Atlantic

"Michael Signer: I’m a progressive mayor, and I voted no on removing my city’s Confederate statue," May 27, 2017, Charleston Gazette-Mail

"‘We Have to Repudiate It’: A City Confronts White Nationalist Protests," May 15, 2017, The New York Times

"Charlottesville, Virginia, Council Votes to Remove Robert E. Lee Statue: Report," February 7, 2017, The Times-Picayune

"City Council to Discuss Confederate Monuments, Protests Planned," April 17, 2016, NBC29 WVIR-TV

In the Media: Dallas Monuments

"A memorial honors a cause and Robert E. Lee's cause was based on slavery," August 9, 2017, Dallas News

"Symbolic of the city's tortured past, Confederate Monuments can serve as teaching tools," August 9, 2017, Dallas News

"Dallas, it's time to bring down old Confederate monuments, and our mayor looks ready to do it," July 18, 2017, Dallas News

In the Media: Richmond Monuments

"In the former capital of the Confederacy, a struggle over history," July 31, 2017, The Globe and Mail

"Statues to Confederacy in its ex-capital spur soul-searching," July 21, 2017, Miami Herald

"Mayor Stoney: Diversity, context needed on Monument Avenue," June 22, 2017, WTVR

"Richmond mayor vows to confront tributes to Southern Civil War figures," June 22, 2017, The Washington Post

"What Richmond Has Gotten Right About Interpreting Its Confederate History," May 18, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine

"The Meaning of Our Confederate ‘Monuments,'" May 15, 2017, The New York Times

"Williams: Tell the story behind Richmond's Confederate monuments," February 27, 2017, Richmond Times-Dispatch

In the Media: New Orleans Monuments

“What Will New Orleans Do with the Confederate Statues?” May 21, 2017, Associated Press 

"With Lee Statue’s Removal, Another Battle of New Orleans Comes to a Close,” May 20, 2017, National Public Radio

“Robert E. Lee Topples from His Pedestal,” May 19, 2017, The Atlantic

“Transcript of New Orleans Mayor Landrieu’s Address on Confederate Monuments,” May 19, 2017, The Pulse

“What Should We Do With Confederate Monuments?” May 14, 2017, The New York Times 

“The Battle Over Confederate Monuments in New Orleans,” May 12, 2017, The New Yorker 

“Protests against removing Confederate monuments are not really about history,” May 12, 2017, The New York Times

"Monuments of White Supremacy," May 9, 2017, The New York Times

"Tempers Flare Over Removal of Confederate Statues in New Orleans," May 7, 2017, The New York Times

"Vandals strike P.G.T. Beauregard statue near City Park," May 2, 2017, The Times-Picayune

"Is Removing Confederate Monuments Like Erasing History?," April 25, 2017, NBC News

"New Orleans removes a tribute to ‘the lost cause of the Confederacy’ — with snipers standing by," April 24, 2017, The Washington Post

"We're supposed to keep Confederate monuments because past generations wanted them?," March 30, 2017, The Times-Picayune

"Amid Toppled Confederate Statues, Andrew Jackson Stands Tall," March 24, 2017, The Wall Street Journal

"All Across the South, Debates About Confederate Imagery," March 9, 2017, The Times-Picayune

"Appeals court rules that Confederate monuments can come down in New Orleans," March 7, 2017 The Christian Science Monitor

"New Orleans Can Remove Confederate Monuments, Appeals Court Rules," March 7, 2017, CNN

"Five Places Where Confederate Monuments Have Recently Disappeared (or Soon Will)," August 19, 2016, Smithsonian.com

"Protest Against Confederate Monuments Hits White Linen Nights," August 6, 2016, The Times-Picayune

“Federal Judge Allows New Orleans to Proceed with Confederate Monument Removal,” January 26, 2016, The Times-Picayne

“Confronting the Future of New Orleans’ Confederate Past,” January 14, 2016, Time

In the Media: University of Mississippi

"The Confederacy still haunts the campus of Ole Miss," November 16, 2017, NBC News

"Ole Miss Edges Out of Its Confederate Shadow, Gingerly," August 9, 2017, The New York Times

"University of Mississippi Will Remove Name of White Supremacist From Building," July 7, 2017, The Wall Street Journal

"Group Sues University of Mississippi to Remove Contextualization Plaque in Front Confederate Soldier Statue," October 14, 2016, The Daily Mississippian

"University of Mississippi Bans Confederate 'Anthem' Dixie," August 24, 2016, The Guardian

"UM Takes Key Steps to Address History and Context," June 10, 2016, University of Mississippi News

"UM History Faculty Seek Confederate Plaque Revision," April 4, 2016, The Clarion-Ledger

"Statement from University of Mississippi History Faculty Concerning Monument Plaque," April 2, 2016, The DM Online

"Plaque on UM Confederate Statue to Undergo Revision?," March 30, 2016, The Oxford Eagle

"Chancellor Releases Statement Regarding Plaque Text," March 29, 2016, The DM Online

In the Media: Monuments Abroad

"Indigenous leader calls for 'friendship and peace' ahead of Cornwallis protest," July 12, 2017, CBC News

"Should historical place names be changed to fit modern values? Historians debate," May 31, 2017, History Extra

"Don’t Delete the Generalissimo, Contextualize Him," May 10, 2017, The News Lens

"Indian state planning law to 'erase' all remnants of 'cruel and humiliating' British colonial rule," March 31, 2017, The Telegraph

"What’s in a Name? A Lot When We’re Admiring Murders and Murderers," March 11, 2017, The Guardian

"Academics Want 'Racist' Gandhi's Statue Removed from Ghana's Oldest University," September 23, 2016, Quartz Africa

"Captain Cook Statues Defaced in NZ Amid Calls for Maori Chiefs to Take His Place," July 30, 2016, The Guardian

"Soviet Troop Monuments in Poland to be Moved to New Museum," June 28, 2016, BBC

"The Soviet Union is Gone. Why do Lenin Statues Remain?", June 14, 2016, The New York Times  

"Once Taboo Monuments Now Revived in Berlin," April 28, 2016, Deutsche Welle

"Voices: Lenin Statue is Gone, but Division Remains in Ukraine," April 10, 2016, USA Today

"Stalin, Russia's New Hero," March 13, 2016, The New York Times

"Rhodes Must Fall? A Question of When Not If," February 17, 2016, History Today

"Oxford Rhodes Statue Row is Part of Global Protest," January 29, 2016, BBC

Nationwide Monument Databases, Lists, and Catalogues

"Whose Heritage? Public Symbols of the Confederacy?"

"Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina"

"Civil War Monuments in Ohio"

"Georgia Statues, Monuments, and Historical Plaques"

"National Park Service Civil War Monuments Database"

"National Register of Historic Places Multiply Property Submission: Civil War Monuments in Kentucky, 1865-1935"

Blogs

Civill War Memory: The Online Home of Kevin M. Levin

Civil Discourse: A Blog of the Long Civil War Era

Whig Hill, Christopher A. Graham

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